BORNO Senatorial Districts and the Local Government Areas

BORNO has 3 senatorial districts and 27 Local Government Areas (LGAs). The senatorial districts with the LGAs they comprise are:

SENATORIAL DISTRICTLGAs
BORNO NORTHABADAM, GUBIO, GUZAMALA,  KUKAWA, MAGUMERI, MARTE, MOBBAR, NGANZA, MOGUNO
BORNO CENTRALDIKWA, JERE, KALA BALGE, MAFA, METROPOLITAN, NGALA, KONDUGA, BAMA, KAGA
BORNO SOUTHASKIRA/UBA, BAYO, BIU, CHIBOK, DAMABOA, GWOZA, HAWUL, KWAYA, SHANI

Nigeria has 109 Senatorial Districts, 3 in each of the 36 states and 1 in Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Every senatorial district sends a Senator to the House of Senate, National Assembly, Abuja, so the total number of Nigerian Senators is 109.

The formation of the Senate is based on the three Senatorial Districts per State and one for the Federal Capital Territory. The 109 member Senate is presided over by the President of the Senate and assisted by the Deputy President of the Senate, all are chosen among the Senators. They are then assisted by eight Principal Officers and several Committee Chairmen and Vice Chairmen.

The 8 Principal Officers include Majority Leader, Deputy Majority Leader, Minority Leader, Deputy Minority Leader, Chief Whip, Deputy Chief Whip, Minority Whip and Deputy Minority Whip.

Local Government Areas in Borno State

The 27 Local Government Areas in Borno state are:

  1. Abadam
  2. Askira/Uba
  3. Bama
  4. Bayo
  5. Biu
  6. Chibok
  7. Damboa
  8. Dikwa
  9. Gubio
  10. Guzamala
  11. Gwoza
  12. Hawul
  13. Jere
  14. Kaga
  15. Kala/Balge
  16. Konduga
  17. Kukawa
  18. Kwaya Kusar
  19. Mafa
  20. Magumeri
  21. Maiduguri
  22. Marte
  23. Mobbar
  24. Monguno
  25. Ngala
  26. Nganzai
  27. Shani

Borno is a state in Nigeria. It’s one of the six states that form the North-East geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Borno shares international borders to the North with Niger and Chad as well as with Cameroon to the East. Its Southern and Western borders are shared with Adamawa, Gombe and Yobe States. Maiduguri is the state capital.

State capital: Maiduguri

Local Government Areas: 27

Landmass: 57,798.1 sq km (22,316 sq mi) – 1st of 37

LANDMASS, LOCATION

Borno State has an area of 57,798.2 square kilometres.

It lies roughly at latitude 11°30’ North and longitude 13°00’ East.

PEOPLE

The first settlers of Borno State were the Teda (Tibesti), Kanuri and Kanembu who lived around the state’s lake and rivers. These people were also called Sao. The Sefawa later displaced them in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.


Borno State has its roots in the move by the Saifawa rulers (Mais) of El Kanemi to the area west of Lake Chad in the fourteenth century. These people were referred to as the people from Bahr-el Nur; this name was later corrupted to Borno. It was under the Mais that the Kanuri emerged as a nation. The Fulani jihad of the nineteenth century greatly weakened the authority of the Mais who were eventually displaced by Muhammed El-Amin lbn El-Kanemi, a Kanembu Islamic scholar who established the El-Kanemi dynasty, took the title of Shehu and transferred the capital to Kukawa. Rabeh, a Shuwa Arab, sacked much of Borno in 1893 and became its ruler, transferring the capital to Dikwa.

European colonisation in the last decade of the nineteenth century led to Rabeh’s defeat and the dismemberment of the Borno Empire. Following its division between the British and the French at the turn of the twentieth century, Borno State became part of Northern Nigeria. It was part of the Northern Region in the three-region structure of 1954 and part of North-Eastern State following the establishment of twelve federal states by General Yakubu Gowon’s military government. It was established as its own entity in 1976 following the dissolution of the North-Eastern State. The state’s borders were further adjusted when Yobe was excised from it in 1991.

Borno State is heterogeneous with twenty-eight (mostly Chadic) languages. The Shuwa Arabs, Kanuri and Marghi are the most represented people in the state and Kanuri is its dominant language. Other ethnic groups include the Hausa, Fulani and a number of tribes from southern Nigeria. Islam is the major religion in the state. There is a Christian minority concentrated around Maiduguri.