List of ethnic groups in Central African Republic

The ethnic groups in Central African Republic and the percentage of their population is as follows:

  • Baya 28.8%
  • Banda 22.9%
  • Mandjia 9.9%
  • Sara 7.9%
  • M’Baka-Bantu 7.9%
  • Arab-Fulani (Peuhl) 6%
  • Mbum 6%
  • Ngbanki 5.5%
  • Zande-Nzakara 3%
  • other Central African Republic ethnic groups 2%
  • non-Central African Republic ethnic groups .1%


Central African Republic (CAR) is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and Cameroon to the west.

Bangui is the country’s capital and largest city.

Capital: Bangui

Population (2023): 6,1 million

Bangui Cathedral. Christianity is the main religion in Central African Republic
Worshippers at the Bangui Cathedral
Map of Central African Republic showing the capital Bangui

Bangui is located at the border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The Central African Republic covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi). As of 2021, it had an estimated population of around 5.5 million.

Most of the Central African Republic consists of Sudano-Guinean savannas, but the country also includes an equatorial forest zone in the south.

Central African Republic was given the name Ubangui-Shari when it was founded as a French colony in 1903.

Two-thirds of the country is within the Ubangi River basin (which flows into the Congo), while the remaining third lies in the basin of the Chari, which flows into Lake Chad.

France modeled its administration of the colony after the Belgian Congo, subcontracting control of the territory to private companies that collected rubber and ivory.

Although France banned the domestic slave trade in the country in the 1910s, the private companies continued to exploit the population through forced labor.

The colony of Ubangi-Shari gained independence from France as the Central African Republic in August 1960

After gaining independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic was ruled by a series of autocratic leaders.

By the 1990s, calls for democracy led to the first multi-party democratic elections in 1993. Ange-Félix Patassé became president, but was later removed by General François Bozizé in the 2003 coup.

The Central African Republic Bush War began in 2004 and, despite a peace treaty in 2007 and another in 2011, civil war resumed in 2012. The civil war perpetuated the country’s poor human rights record: it was characterized by widespread and increasing abuses by various participating armed groups, such as arbitrary imprisonment, torture, and restrictions on freedom of the press and freedom of movement.

Despite its significant mineral deposits and other resources, such as uranium reserves, crude oil, gold, diamonds, cobalt, lumber, hydropower and arable land, the Central African Republic is among the ten poorest countries in the world, with the lowest GDP per capita at purchasing power parity in the world as of 2017. As of 2021, according to the Human Development Index (HDI), the country had the fourth-lowest level of human development, ranking 188 out of 191 countries.

The Central African Republic is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie and the Non-Aligned Movement.