List of Chad regions by population, from least to most populated

Regions of Chad according to size of population, from least to most populated are:

RegionPopulation (2023)
Bahr el Gazel407,256
Wadi Fira792,394
Mayo-Kebbi Ouest858,593
Logone Occidental1,053,958
Mayo-Kebbi Est1,179,260
Logone Oriental1,184,567
N’Djamena (capital)1,434,592

Chad Republic has 23 regions. There are:

  1. Bahr el Gazel
  2. Batha
  3. Borkou
  4. Chari-Baguirmi
  5. Ennedi-Est
  6. Ennedi-Ouest
  7. Guéra
  8. Hadjer-Lamis
  9. Kanem
  10. Lac
  11. Logone Occidental
  12. Logone Oriental
  13. Mandoul
  14. Mayo-Kebbi Est
  15. Mayo-Kebbi Ouest
  16. Moyen-Chari
  17. N’Djamena (capital)
  18. Ouaddaï
  19. Salamat
  20. Sila
  21. Tandjilé
  22. Tibesti
  23. Wadi Fira

The Republic of Chad is a country in Africa. The landlocked country is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon to the southwest, Nigeria to the southwest (at Lake Chad), and Niger to the west.

N’Djamena, the capital of Chad
Security people patrol Chad’s capital N’Djamena following the battlefield death of President Idris Deby in N’Djamena, Chad on April 26, 2021 [Zohra Bensemra/Reuters]

Chad has a population of 16 million and 1.6 million live in the capital and largest city of N’Djamena.

With a total area of about 1,284,000 km2 (496,000 sq mi), Chad is the 5 largest country in Africa and the 20 largest in the world by area.

Capital: N’Djamena

Independence day: August 11, 1960

Calling code: +235

Currency: CFA franc (XAF)

Official language: French, Arabic

Area: 1,284,000 km2

Coat of arms

It is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups.

Islam (55.1%) and Christianity (41.1%) are the main religions practiced in Chad.

Chad is largely a semi-desert country. It is rich in gold, uranium and petroleum.

It became an oil-producing nation in 2003, with the completion of a $4bn pipeline linking its oilfields to terminals.

Despite its abundant resources, Chad is still faced with poverty and food insecurity. Close to half of the population (47%) lives below the poverty line. 

The country ranks the 2nd lowest in the Human Development Index, with 0.394 in 2021 placed 190th, and is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world.

Most of its inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers.

Since 2003 crude oil has become the country’s primary source of export earnings, superseding the traditional cotton industry. Chad has a poor human rights record, with frequent abuses such as arbitrary imprisonment, extrajudicial killings, and limits on civil liberties by both security forces and armed militias.

Chad’s post-independence history has been marked by instability and violence, mostly from tension between the mainly Arab-Muslim north and the predominantly Christian south.

However, it suffers from inadequate infrastructure, and internal conflict with rebels in the north, exacerbated by a jihadist insurgency across the Sahel region and Lake Chad Basin.

Ethnic groups

Chad has more than 200 distinct ethnic groups. In the south live sedentary people such as the Sara, the nation’s main ethnic group, whose essential social unit is the lineage. In the Sahel sedentary peoples live side by side with nomadic ones, such as the Arabs, the country’s second major ethnic group. The north is inhabited by nomads, mostly Toubous.

The ethnic composition of Chad, based on 2009 Census, is as follows:

  • 26.6% Sara
  • 12.9% Arab
  • 8.5% Kanembu
  • 7.2% Masalit
  • 6.9% Toubou
  • 4.8% Masa
  • 3.7% Bidiyo
  • 3.7% Bulala
  • 3.0% Maba
  • 2.6% Daju
  • 2.5% Mundang
  • 2.4% Gabri
  • 2.4% Zaghawa
  • 2.1% Fula
  • 2.0% Tupuri
  • 1.6% Tama
  • 1.4% Karo
  • 1.3% Bagirmi
  • 1.0% Masmaje
  • 2.6% other Chadian
  • 0.7% foreign